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One-person desk

Wooden table or desk consisting of a platform made of four planks, at the back of which there was a fixed seat with various wooden struts and a curved back-rest. At the front was the desk itself, slightly sloping towards the pupil and with a small flat piece with a round hole in which to put the inkwell and a groove in which to put the pen and pizarrillos (lard blackboard crayons). Under the desk was a shelf for books and stationery at the front of which was a small crosspiece to prevent them from falling out. In the top part there was a semi-curved opening. Under the drawer there was a wooden crosspiece joining the two legs together about half way up.

The desk was an essential part of all school furniture in the 19th and 20th centuries, and was especially designed with a sloping surface to make it easier to write on. In this model, the seat and the back were also adapted to the shape of the pupils’ bodies, taking into account the ergonomic principles of the first desks displayed at the National Educational Museum in Madrid, founded in 1882.

Dimensions:
75 x 76 x 50 cm 
Medium/support:
Wood 
Cultural context:
2nd half of C. 20 
Artist:
Unknown