The museum was created in 1951 with the main goal of protecting, preserving, documenting, researching and promoting the material and immaterial assets related to pilgrimage as a universal FENÓMENO, the inception and evolution of the city of Santiago de Compostela as the end of the pilgrimage and the Jacobean pilgrimage in all its dimensions. Therefore, the, museum devotes its permanent exhibition to different aspects related to Santiago and to pilgrimage from a wide range of points of view. Its halls host the most diverse pieces in terms of type and time regarding this subject, was well material from the archaeological excavations developed in the area of Santiago City Council. Through its temporary exhibitions, the museum explores pilgrimage in other cultures and places of the world.
Today, the museum is located in a new emplacement: the building known as “Banco de España” (Bank of Spain), located in Praza das Praterias - one of the entrances to the Cathedral.
The Museum of Pilgrimage and Santiago is owned by the State and managed by the Xunta de Galicia.