This book is based on Ptolemy’s conception of astronomy and contains ideas about astronomy, geography, topography, navigation, cartography and mathematical instruments.
Cosmographies were illustrated books with maps that combined astronomy, history and science. This one by the mathematician and astronomer Petrus Apianus was one of the earliest and most popular. Apianus received the acclaim of his contemporaries after the publication of this book, printed for the first time in 1524. This was the first treatise that suggested using lunar distances to measure longitude and was the base used by all mathematicians and geographers over the next 100 years. The copy at the Massó Museum was printed by Gregorius Bontius, who produced numerous editions of this work at his printing press in Antwerp.