The Galician Wine Museum is an institution owned by the regional government whose purpose is to recover, document, preserve and disseminate Galicia's wine-growing heritage for the awareness, learning and enjoyment of the public, in general, and for the use and the consultation of researchers and experts and those of the wine-growing world, in particular.
The exhibition covers all three floors of this unique building, constructed in the eighteenth century as a priory house devoted to wine-growing, dependent on the Monastery of San Martiño Pinario in Santiago de Compostela and, subsequent to the Mendizábal disentailments, transformed into the rectory of Santo André de Camporredondo.
The Wine Museum is housed in the building known as the Rectory of Santo André de Camporredondo, which forms part of a highly significant and particularly relevant monumental complex, set in the heart of the Ribeiro region. Its architecture responds to one of its original functions: the production, storage and distribution of wine bound for Santiago de Compostela, as it was a priory of San Martiño Pinario.
In the twentieth century, the building was abandoned and a number of elements were plundered, until the start of the refurbishment work, between 1988 and 1990, initially through a municipal school-workshop and finally, since 2005, by the Government of Galicia after which the property was assigned to the regional Ministry of Culture by the Archbishopric of Ourense.
The museum's permanent exhibition is devoted to vine cultivation and wine production throughout the history of Galicia: on the one hand, viniculture (techniques and systems for the cultivation of the vine) and, on the other, oenology (techniques and knowledge of winemaking). The explanatory panels combine high-quality texts and illustrations and are accompanied by significant objects related to each panel, such as tools, texts, technical instruments, containers, etc.
The exhibition is on permanent display in eight rooms, each one devoted to a specific section, housing, among other items, pieces related to the cultivation of the vines, both from a historical perspective and from that of the traditional harvest cycles. There are also significant pieces related to each designation of origin for wines in Galicia, with one devoted specifically to the Ribeiro region. Finally, we can see pieces playing a role in winemaking process, from the arrival of the grape at the winery, to its transformation into wine.